research references

According to National Coalition for the Homeless:
  • "In the absence of cash assistance, women who experience domestic violence may be at increased risk of homelessness or compelled to live with a former or current abuser in order to prevent homelessness. Welfare programs must make every effort to assist victims of domestic violence and to recognize the tremendous barrier to employment that domestic violence presents."  
  • "while almost all states have revised laws and policies to improve access to education for homeless students, significant barriers to enrollment and attendence remain, including guardianship and immunization requirements, transportation problems and school fees. Barriers to success in school were found to include family mobility, poor health, and lack of food, clothing, and school supplies."
  • "School-age homeless children face barriers to enrolling and attending school, including transportation problems, residency requirements, inability to obtain previous school records, and lack of clothing and school supplies."
  • In order to work, families with children need access to quality childcare that they can afford, and adequate transportation.  Education and training are also essential elements in preparing parents for better paying jobs to support their families.  
    • Domestic violence is the immediate cause of homelessness for many women. Survivors of domestic violence are often isolated from support networks and financial resources by their abusers, which puts them at risk of becoming homeless. As a result, they may lack steady income, employment history, credit history, and landlord references. They also often suffer from anxiety, panic disorder, major depression, and substance abuse. (endhomelessness)
    • Physical effects of kindness:
      Allan Luks and Peggy Payne have identified some of the physical effects of kindness in their publication "The Healing Power of Doing Good". These effects can include a greater sense of calmness and relaxation, which may also ease pain (from headaches to back pain) and may even reduce high blood pressure.  (
    • - University of Minnsota's center for urban and regional affiars noted that some homeless children were suceeding academically despite highly chalenging situations. when CURA analyzed what practices contributed to the success of these children, they noted: 1) parental closeness with their children and involvement in children's education 2) high quality relationships with teachers in special intervention support programs 3) relationships with caring adults.
    • -Recent research indicates that children who witness domestic violence show more anxiety, low self esteem, depression, anger and temperament problems than children who do not witness violence in the home. The trauma they experience can show up in emotional, behavioral, social and physical disturbances that effect their development and can continue into adulthood.